|ARCH 1412 — ARCHITECTONICS
Instructor : Dr. H. Buelinckx
Instructor : Dr. H. Buelinckx
Lecture Class: Tuesday's – Room BA352 (note Room Change!!!)
Studio Sections: 701-Pavlina Ilieva, 702-Dan Finnell, 703-xxx, 707-Dan Finnell
703-Scott Taylor, 704- Daniel Pruske, 705-XXX — Rooms AH 502-504
Introduction to the
principles and methods used at various stages of design analyses and synthesis
Skill development in the abstraction, transformation, composition, and representation of two and three-dimensional design. Outside assignments required.
The main objective of this course is to introduce the basic principles and systems of architectonics. Architectonics may be broadly defined as the science of architectural design. More specifically, it is the study of architectural representations rather than the proficiency of performance. Architectonics comprises two complementary areas of study: Spatial Design and Tectonics. Studies in Spatial Design focus on the principles and systems of order that inform two- and three-dimensional design. Studies in Tectonics focus on the various aspects that contribute to the making of form. Basic concepts are first introduced by appealing to what is intuitively familiar. Then the concepts are developed more formally and discussed within a broader theoretical framework. And finally, these principles are illustrated with architectural and other design examples culled from a wide variety of historic styles.
A secondary objective of this course is to higher the students' spatial literacy and manual dexterity. The latter gives students the opportunity to develop their graphic and model building skills. Assignments consist of simple graphic exercises and small models and are made to help students assimilate the new theoretical concepts and to force them to apply them in a new, unfamiliar context. Analytic projects emphasize how these principles may be recognized in existing languages of design. Synthetic projects aim to equip students with formal compositional tools in order to generate new original designs. In later projects the distinction between analytic versus synthetic will vanish and the necessity of the dynamic interaction between both will be emphasized in any attempt to create, to evaluate, and eventually to generate ones own design language.
See Separate Handout (2 pages).
5. Quiz, Midterm and Final Exams
Attendance to both the lectures and all studio
sessions are mandatory. Lectures meet promptly each Tuesday from till
in room BA 352 of the After four absences (either lecture
or studio) your grade will be lowered by one full letter grade. After five
absences your grade will be lowered another full letter grade. After six
absences you will automatically fail this class.
After four absences (either lecture or studio) your grade will be lowered by one full letter grade. After five absences your grade will be lowered another full letter grade. After six absences you will automatically fail this class.
textbook for this class is F. Ching's Architecture: Form • Space, and Order, Van
The reader with papers is on electronic reserve under the Texas Tech Library Web page with as address <http://www1.lib.ttu.edu/eres/> and will need a Password (to be obtained from TA).
hardcopy of both the textbook, a hardcopy of the reader, and supplemental
reading material is on reserve in the Architectural Library on the 9th
Floor of the
In order to fully comprehend and actively participate, the weekly assigned readings (from the textbook, the reader or supplemental reading list) should have been completed prior to entering the lecture class on Tuesday.
All assignments will be posted on the Web; a hard copy
will be on reserve in the Arch. Library.
It is your responsibility to print out a copy prior to each lecture on
Tuesdays. Assignments are issued during the Lecture class and are due in Studio.
Graphic assignments must be completed on vertical oriented sheets of graph paper (8 divisions per inch) with dimensions of 11x17 inches. Drawings have to be carried out with a straightedge ruler, rendered in the appropriate line weight, and exhibit the greatest accuracy. Text on drawings should be hand-lettered or typed (see Porter, T. 1991, Design Drawing Techniques). Model building assignments may entail the building of simple models in paper, foam, wood or other materials. Examples will be shown early in the semester in order to assess the difficulty involved.
Each drawing or model you turn in should have the following project label:
Multiple pages should be stapled on the upper left-hand
Assignments turned in one week late, will be downgraded by 20%. No assignments will be accepted after two weeks from the due date. Your graded assignments will be returned to you not later than two weeks after the due date.
The last day of class (Tuesday, April 24), each student will turn in his course workbook. This workbook (11x17”) should document all the material you turned in for your assignments. In particular, it should include all your original drawings made for each assignment, and drawings or photographs (mounted on 11x17" sheets) documenting all your models, and annotated slides collected in a slide pocket.
5. QUIZ, MIDTERM & FINAL EXAMS
The quiz, the midterm, and the final exams will cover material of lectures, assignments, and assigned readings. Exams may consist of multiple choice questions and/or essay questions. Bring your own orange Scantron sheets and pencils.
Active participation during Lectures and Studios is recommended. During Lectures impromptu quizzes may be handed out. Answer them on a small 3x5 card. Make sure to indicate your NAME (last name, first name) and Section number.
Final grades will be calculated as follows
"Students are expected to assist in maintaining a classroom environment which is conducive to learning. In order to assure that all students have an opportunity to gain from time spent in class, students are prohibited from using cellular phones or beepers, eating or drinking in class, making offensive remarks, reading newspapers, sleeping or engaging in any other form of distraction. Inappropriate behavior in the classroom shall result in, minimally, a request to leave class." [Dean of Students and Provost, August 99]
Office hours are for your benefit. If you have any questions regarding assignments, exams, or any other subject please make an appointment with your Professor or TA during his/her office hours.
student who, because of a disability, may require some special arrangements to
meet course requirements should contact the professor, at (806) 742.3136, to
make necessary accommodations. Students
should present appropriate verification from the Disabled Student Services,
Dean of Students Office. No requirement
exists that accommodations be made prior to completion of this approved
[TT-Faculty Handbook, August 98].
Drawing Tools: Lead Pencil Holder 0.5 mm, Box of 2H or HB Leads, Eraser,
Architectural Compass Set,
Adjustable 45 triangle - size 10", One 30/60 degree triangle - size 18".
with your Studio Instructor)
Paper: Roll of Tracing paper (width 18"),
Pad of Graph paper: 11x17" with 8 divisions per inch.
3x5 cards (for Lectures)
Slide or Print Film roll Additional Project Supplies as Needed.
During week 2 you will attend an orientation
meeting in the SHOP of the
1 Read the TTU-College of Architecture-Shop Rules on the Web.
2 Print and sign the (last) page: “TTU-COA- Health and Safety Statement”
3 Bring this page to DAVIS Carole, Receptionist Secretary of the COA on the 10th Floor AH
4 Obtain from DAVIS Carole a RED sticker on your current student I.D. card
(Tx - textbook; Rx - included in reader on electronic reserve, All books on reserve in Architecture Library)
Tx Ching, F., 1992, Architecture:
Form • Space, and Order, Van
I. INTRO to ARCHITECTONICS
Musser, G.l., and Trimpe, L., 1994,
"Problem Solving in Geometry",
College Geometry: A Problem Solving Approach, Mc.Millan Publ, NY,pp. 1-29.
Friedman, J.B., 1989, Creation in Space — Fundamentals of
Goodman, N., 1968, Languages of Art: An Approach to a Theory of Symbols, Bobbs-Merrill.
Thompson, D'Arcy, 1959, On Growth and Form,
II. SPATIAL PRIMITIVES & DIMENSIONS
R1 Kandinsky, W, 1926,
"Point and Line to Plane",
Kandinsky Complete Writings on Art, Ed. Lindsay, Da Capo Press, New York, pp. 527-571.
R2 Abbott, E., 1952, Flatland: A Romance in Many Dimensions,
Devlin, K., 1994, Mathematics: The
Science of Patterns, Scientific American Library,
III. SHAPE VOCABULARIES
R3 Motro, R.,
and Symbolism in Polyhedra",
Beyond the Cube, Gabriel, F., ed., John Wiley & Sons, pp.281-299.
Owen, J., 1910, The Grammar of Ornament, B. Quaritch,
Pearce, P., Pearce. S., 1978, Polyhedra
Hambidge, J., 1967, The Elements of Dynamic Symmetry,
Le Corbusier, 1954, The Modulor,
Le Corbusier, 1955, The Modulor
II, MIT Press,
March, L., 1993, “Proportion Is an Alive and Expressive
R.M. Schindler—Composition and Construction, Academic Editions, pp. 88-101.
March, L., 1998, Architectonics of
Humanism, Academic Editions,
Scholfield, P.H., 1958, The Theory of Proportion in
Wittkower, R, 1956, Architectural
Principles in the Age of Humanism, Random House,
(One of the most authoritative scholarly works on proportion theory in the Renaissance.)
R4 Wittkower, R,
Changing Concept of Proportion", Idea and Image, Thames & Hudson, pp. 109-124.
R5 Schindler, R.M., 1913, “Modern Architecture – A
R.M. Schindler—Composition and Construction, March, ed., Academic Editions, pp. 10-13.
Holden, A., 1971, Shapes, Space, and Symmetry,
Weyl, H. , 1952, Symmetry,
R6 Stewart, I, 1992, “What is Symmetry?” Fearful Symmetry, Blackwell
March, L., and Steadman, P.,1971 “Symmetry Groups in the Plane”,
The Geometry of Environment, RIBA Publications,
Musser, G., 1994, " Transformational Geometry", College Geometry, Prentice-Hall, pp. 417-458.
VII. SHAPE GRAMMARS
Laseau, P, Tice, J., 1992, Frank Lloyd Wright-Between
Principle and Form, Van
March, L., 1993, “Dr. How's Magical Music Box”,
R.M. Schindler—Composition and Construction, Academic Editions, pp. 124-145.
Knight , T, 1995, Transformations
in Design, MIT Press,
R7 Stiny, G., 1980, “Kindergarten Grammars: Designing with Froebel’s Building Gifts”, Environment and Planning B, 7, pp. 409-462.